How Does Internet Breakout Work?
Internet breakout in IoT is the moment when data from IoT devices leaves their private network and enters the public internet. It's like a gateway that allows IoT devices to connect with cloud services, communicate, and access online resources. This enables seamless sharing of information and unleashes the full potential of IoT on a global scale.
How Internet Breakout Works
Stage 1: Data is generated by IoT devices through Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, or cellular connectivity within a private network.
Stage 2: The data reaches the internet gateway, which can be a Wi-Fi router, an IoT gateway, or a cellular operator's network.
Stage 3: In cellular networks, the data leaves the operator's network at the internet breakout point, where it undergoes encapsulation, encryption, and routing to enter the public internet.
Stage 4: For Wi-Fi and Bluetooth networks, the internet breakout happens directly at the device location.
Stage 5: The data travels through the global internet infrastructure, utilizing ISPs and data centers.
Stage 6: Cloud-based platforms hosted in data centers worldwide receive, process, and analyze the IoT data, providing real-time insights and storage.
Stage 7: To ensure security, data encryption and authentication mechanisms are employed during data transmission.
Stage 8: Edge computing may be utilized for data processing closer to IoT devices, reducing latency and optimizing bandwidth usage.
Internet Breakout Models: Centralized vs Decentralized
Centralized Internet Breakout Model: The centralized internet breakout model involves channeling all data generated by IoT devices through a single central point before accessing the public internet. This central point, often a data center or network operator's gateway, provides streamlined management and security control. However, it may lead to potential bottlenecks, increased latency, and scalability challenges, especially for IoT deployments spread across multiple regions.
Decentralized Internet Breakout Model: Contrarily, the decentralized internet breakout model empowers IoT data to travel directly from devices to the public internet without intermediaries. Data is routed through the nearest internet access point or cloud service provider's data center based on the device's location. This approach optimizes data flow, reduces latency, and enhances overall performance, making it ideal for globally distributed IoT solutions with diverse geographical locations.
Centralized Internet Breakout Model
Decentralized Internet Breakout Model
All data funneled through a central point
Direct data transmission to nearest access point
Potential higher latency due to centralization
Lowers latency with shortest data transmission
Possible bottlenecks impacting performance
Optimized data flow enhances overall efficiency
Scalability challenges with growing data volume
Scalable, routing data based on device location
Privacy concerns with central point of control
Data sent directly to cloud service provider
Centralized control may bolster security
Requires robust security at multiple access points
Lower initial setup costs with centralized infrastructure
Possible higher costs with multiple access points
Challenges in globally distributed deployments
Ideal for global IoT solutions with diverse locations
Edge Computing Integration
Limits benefits of edge computing
Facilitates effective edge computing implementation
Data Exchange Strategies in Internet Breakout
Two key strategies are employed for efficient data exchange:
Local Internet Breakout: By using local Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and access points close to end users, data exchange between devices becomes significantly faster. This approach enhances performance for IoT devices within a single country or locality.
Regional Internet Breakout: Routing data through major cloud service providers' regional data centers, such as Amazon AWS or Microsoft Azure, allows dynamic selection of the closest breakout region based on the device's location. This ensures low-latency connectivity and a seamless user experience.