What Are the Essentials of 3G Technology?
3G is a wireless communication technology, third generation of wireless communication standards, following the earlier 2G technology that operates on various frequency bands, enabling widespread connectivity across different regions.
Specifications: 3G VS 2G
Data Transfer Speed
Up to 384 Kbps
Minimum 200 Kbps (moving devices)
Minimum 384 Kbps (stationary devices)
GSM (Global System for
UMTS (Universal Mobile
or Voice over IP (VoIP)
Basic web browsing
Faster web browsing,
and limited data services
email, multimedia streaming
Video calling, mobile internet
access, multimedia streaming,
Application in IoT
Smart Metering: accurate billing, remote monitoring, and efficient energy management.
Asset Tracking: logistics operations, supply chains.
Environmental Monitoring: monitoring pollution levels, optimizing resource usage, and ensuring a sustainable environment.
Healthcare: wearable devices, virtual consultations, and timely medical assistance.
Structure and Functionality of 3G
The structure of 3G networks involves base stations, mobile devices, and core network components. Here's how it works:
Base stations or Node B are access points for mobile devices to connect to the 3G network. They get and transfer data signals, providing seamless communication between devices and the network.
3G-enabled devices, such as smartphones, tablets, and IoT sensors, utilize the 3G network to access the internet, make calls, and transmit data. These devices are equipped with SIM cards that authenticate and authorize network access.
Core Network implies various elements, including the mobile switching center (MSC), serving GPRS support node (SGSN), and gateway GPRS support node (GGSN) enable call routing, data transfer, and network management.